• WHAT IS MONTESSORI?

  • Introduction to

    Dr. Maria Montessori and The Montessori Method
     

  • Maria Montessori was born on the August 31st 1870. Maria Montessori became the first female doctor in Italy. After working with mentally disable children, she marked a change in career from physician to educator.

    Maria Montessori strongly believed that education is not what the teacher gives; education is a natural process spontaneously carried out by the human individual and is acquired not by listening to words but by experiences upon the environment.

    Montessori opened her first school called Casa dei Bambini meaning Children’s House in the year 1907. Here she realized that her materials, designed to support the childrens’ natural development, helped them to educate themselves. Given free choices of activity, the children showed more interest, deep attention and concentration in practical activities and montessori material. This later on became the start of the Montessori method that has now spread world wide.

  • “It is in the encounter of the maternal guiding instincts with
    the sensitive periods of the newly born that conscious love develops
    between parent and child.” – Maria Montessori

  • Sensitive periods of a child 0-6 years old:

    • SENSITIVITY TO ORDER
      Needs familiarity.
      Things need to be in their place.
    • LEARNING TO THE 5 SENSES
      Children are naturaly curious.
      Need objects to explore.
    • SENSITIVITY SMALL OBJECTS
      From 2 – 2 ½ years.
      Pays attention to small objects.
      Widens power of observation.
      Builds concentration.
    • SENSITIVITY FOR WALKING
      2 ½ – 4 years.
      Inclination towards repetition.
    • SENSITIVITY FOR LANGUAGE
      1 ½ – 3 years.
      Babies imitate mothers.
    • SENSITIVITY FOR SOCIAL INTEREST
      2 ½ – 6 years.
      Children learn to be part of a group.
  • MONTESSORI PRINCIPLES ARE:

  • Independence
    When the children are able to do things for themselves there is an increase in their self belief, self confidence and esteem that they may carry on throughout their life.
  • Observation
    Observation is the way adults can learn about what the child needs are, therefore it is critical for their growth.
  • Following The Child
    The children will show you what they need to do, what they need to develop in themselves and what area they need to be challenged in.
  • Correcting The Child
    If children make mistakes, there is no need to raise your voice or to blatantly point out a child’s mistake. We need to teach them in a supportif manner.
  • Prepared Environment
    The prepared environment is a beautiful and safe place for the child to explore freely and invites them to work.
  • Absorbent Mind
    Children 0 – 6 years absorb everything in the environment by experiencing it and being part of it.